American Alpine Jounrna and Accidents in North American Climbing

Falling Rock, Weather, Exceeding Abilities, California, Mount Shasta

  • Accident Reports
  • Accident Year:
  • Publication Year: 1991


California, Mount Shasta

In early January, Lorca Rossman (19), Roman Hruska (19), and Nic Rhind (23) were turned back from their summit attempt due to high winds which were blowing rocks down from the ridges above Avalanche Gulch. They were near the 3975 meter level when they began to descend the right side of Avalanche Gulch next to the “Heart.” Seasonal snowfall below normal levels had left the ridges bare, and a constant barrage of rocks came down around us. Nic Rhind chose a steeper but less exposed route of descent to avoid the rocks. Lorca Rossman chose to glissade as rapidly as possible to below the fall-zone, to reduce his exposure time. Fifteen minutes later, Lorca and Nic met near 3350 meters, and agreed that Nic would wait for Roman Hruska, who was descending slowly in the main fall-zone, while Lorca continued down to 3000 meters to break camp. Shortly after dark, Nic and Roman arrived at camp. Roman’s balaclava was soaked with blood from a blow by a 30 cm falling rock. He complained of point tenderness and a generalized throbbing headache, but denied loss of consciousness or symptoms of C-spine injury. Aside from slight ataxia possibly stemming from exhaustion and mild hypothermia (temperature was -18 degrees C, wind 30 knots gusting to 70+), he showed no impairment of functioning, and we were able to hike him out to the road at 2100 meters by 0100. E.R. evaluation revealed a 10 cm laceration without fracture or complications. (Source: Lorca Rossman)


The combination of bare ridges and high winds created an objective hazard that was clearly visible. The accident might have been prevented by more careful attention on the victim’s part to a descent strategy that minimized exposure, or by better communication about appropriate descent strategies. None of us wore hard hats, believing that winter snow would preclude rock-fall danger. More careful attention to the actual conditions would have been appropriate. (Source: Lorca Rossman)

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