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North America, Contiguous United States, California, Yosemite Valley, Various Activity

Yosemite Valley, Various Activity. On El Cap, Leo Houlding, assisted by José Pereyra, established the dynamic Passage to Freedom (runout 5.13c/d A0), a free variation of New Dawn to the top of El Cap Tower (see below). Meanwhile, Michael Mayr and Richard Schipflinger made the third ascent of the free route El Niño. 81-year-old Gerry Blach jumared the 25-pitch Aquarian Wall in 11 days with Mike Corbett. Beth Coats, who has no use of her legs, did Zodiac in four and a half days with Russ Mitrovich and Steph Davis, while paraplegic Mark Wellman spent 11 days on the Nose with Corbett. A sobering event was the big rockfall on Glacier Point Apron, which killed a climber and damaged existing routes.