American Alpine Jounrna and Accidents in North American Climbing

A Survey of Andean Ascents

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  • Publication Year: 1963

A Survey of Andean Ascents

Part II. Chile and Argentina

Evelio Echevarría C.

Included in this work are the Andean areas that have registered the oldest high mountain ascents in the history of mountaineering, dating back to before the 16th century, when the Inca and Atacameñan Indians climbed peaks over 22,000 feet in the northern deserts of the two Andean countries here reviewed. Besides, modern mountain climbing was being practiced here at the beginning of the present century; therefore, with such long activity, only first ascents are often listed. However, all the ascents accomplished in areas visited only by sporadic expeditions are listed whenever possible. Ascents through the year 1960 are given.

The writer cannot close these lines without thanking Mr. H. Adams Carter for his participation in this work and for his guidance toward its completion. Besides, thanks are due to Señor V. Arko, Argentina, for advice on the Bariloche-Les Alerces district, and to the American Alpine Club and the Appalachian Mountain Club for the use of their libraries, and to the Chilean Federación de Andinismo for supplying valuable information.

This second part of the survey has again been compiled from mountaineering and scientific literature as well as from correspondence and conversations with mountaineers. The initials p.c. stand for personal communication; other abbreviations follow.

AAJ—American Alpine Journal, New York.

AJ—Alpine Journal, London.

Alp.—Alpinisme, Paris.

Acab—Anuario, Club Andino Bariloche, Argentina.

AT A—Boletín, Asociación Tucumana de Andinismo, Tucumán, Argentina.

AF—Anuario, Federación Chilena de Andinismo, Santiago.

And.—Andina, Valparaíso, Chile.

BW—Berge der Welt.

CABA—Boletín, Centro Andino Buenos Aires, Argentina.

DA—Die Alpen (Les Alpes, Le Alpi).

GJ—Geographical Journal, London.

GR—Geographical Review, New York.

J—Jahrbuch des D. und Ö.A.V.

Journal—Journal, Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research.

MW—Mountain World.

RA—Revista Andina, Santiago.

RM—Rivista Mensile.

Z—Zeitschrift des D. und Ö.A.V.

The general plan of this Survey is the same as that of Part I, published in this Journal in 1962. It should again be noted that a few omissions have been corrected by the insertion of an item with a letter attached to the number of the ascent, such as 469a. The letter has no significance and there is no particular connection between mountains bearing the same number.

The writer again would welcome additions and corrections to be sent to him c/o American Alpine Club, 113 East 90th Street, New York 28, N. Y.

CHILEAN ANDES and PEAKS on the FRONTIER

The Andes of Chile are simply classified, for mountaineering purposes, in Northern Andes or Puna, Central Andes, Southern Andes, Patagonian Andes and Tierra del Fuego.

Peaks on the Peruvian border have been reviewed in the Peruvian chapter of its Cordillera Occidental. Peaks on the Bolivian and Argentinian borders have been included in this chapter.

Northern Andes (Puna)

This area of high volcanic peaks was populated by the Inca and Atacameñan people; since the mountains were technically easy it is certain nowadays that a number of very high peaks were ascended by them, particularly by the latter. Further, more ascents were accomplished by local miners in the late 1800’s. First ascents, therefore, must be ascertained by a careful check of the mountain tops before being claimed.

Nevado Ojos del Salado, 6885 m. 22,590 ft. 1. J. Szczepanski, J. Wojsznis, RA 69, pp. 27-31 and Acab 1950, pp. 73-9.

2. M. Rebitsch, 2.2.1956, Journal #7, pp. 91-5; AAJ 1957, pp. 86-89.

L. Alvarado, V. Chiaranda, R. Gajardo, R. Godoy, W. Miller, N. Zamora, 2.5.1956, Memorial del Ejército de Chile, #276, 1956, pp. 27-49, Santiago; AAJ 1957, pp. 89-91.

A. Bolsi, W. Cöppens, 1.11.1957, RA 84, pp. 10-14; AAJ 1957, p. 78.

H. Brignone, E. Nuciforo and one other of the Halcón group,

Córdoba, 1.10.1958, Montañtsmo (Club Andino del Norte, Argentina) 1959 #3, p. 20.

L. Alvarado, O. Colombres, J. Forcelledo, R. Gajardo, R. Pérez,

Ponce, A. Romero, 2.7.1958, AF 1957-8, p. 108.

S. Burgos, R. Andrade and 28 members of the Gendarmería Nacional, San Juan, 12.15.1958, Montañismo (Club Andino del Norte), 1959 #3, p. 39.

Ghilardone and others, 1959, AT A #27, p. 7.

Llullaillaco, 6723 m. 22,058 ft. 1. Probably by Atacameñans, who erected dwellings near the top ; known ascents :

González, J. Harseim, 1.12.1952, RA 79, p. 15.

R. Dangl, K. Morghen, H. Rudel, 1953, RA 79, p. 17.

D. Alonso, H. Chávez, E. Torres, 1953 (?), (p.c.).

G. Lantschner, M. Rebitsch, 2.1958, AAJ 1959, pp. 314-6.

M. Rebitsch et al, 2 to 4.1961, AAJ 1962, pp. 267-8.

Nevados de Tres Cruces, (central peak), 6620 m. 21,720 ft.

S. Osiecki, W. Pariski, 2.26.1937, RA 69, pp. 27-31.

Nevado lncahuasi, 6601 m. 21,660 ft. 1. probably E. Flint, 1859, V. Ostrowski, Más alto que los cóndores, Editorial Albatros, Buenos Aires, 1954, p. 332.

W. Penck, 12.20.1913, W. Penck, Durch Sandwüsten auf Sechstausender, Stuttgart, 1942 (pp. 186-188).

E. Nuciforo and wife, 1.15.1959, CABA 31, p. 16 and La Montaña, December 1961, pp. 21-22.

Nevado El Muerto, 6478 m. 21,253 ft. 1. L. Alvarado, C. and O. Alvarez, J. Belastino, 2.21.1950, RA 69, pp. 34-7.

note : there exists no certainty that El Muerto was the peak ascended by this party.

Nevados de Tres Cruces, (south peak), 6356 m. 20,854 ft. 1. W. Pariski, 2.5.1937, RA 69, pp. 27-31 and ACAB 1950, pp. 73-9.

Nevado Parinacota, 6330 m. 20,768 ft. 1. J. Prem and Terán, 12.12. 1928, AAJ 1940, p. 33.

2. R. Bauer and Indian porter, 5.19.1939 (p-c.)

Cerro de las Tórtolas, 6323 m. 20,745 ft. 1. Indians or local miners may have made earlier ascents. Known ascents: R. Dudle, 1924 (p.c.)

H. Koch, E. Kausel, 1.19.1952, AF 1956, pp. 136-7.

B. and O. González, 1.19.1956, RA 82, pp. 7-10.

L. de la Cerda, G. Foerster, L. Krahl, 1957 (p c.)

O. González, L. Krahl, C. Vásquez, 1.29.1958, AF 1957-8, p. 108.

P. Rosende, 1.30.1958, AF 1957-8, p. 108.

S. Fernández, E. Groch, A. Perello, 2.17.1960 (p.c.)

Nevado Pomarata, 6240 m. 20,473 ft. 1. E. García, R. Zalles, 4.1946, Arnold Heim, Süd Amerika, Huberverlag 1953, Berne (p. 214). note: Claims for this ascent are generally disbelieved.

Pular, 6225 m. 20,423 ft. 1. Ascended by Atacameñan Indians;

modern ascents: S. Bossini, D. Liebech, C. Prieto, 7.1960, Acab 60, p. 65.

Aucanquilcha, 6180 m. 20,276 ft. 1. Ascended by local miners;

mines are worked at almost 19,000 ft. First recorded ascent: E. Christensen, D. Dill, H. Edwards, W. Forbes, E. Guzmán, F. Hall, A. Keys, R. McFarland, O. Puebla, S. Talbott from 6.29 to 7.14.1935, Revista Geográfica Americana, #35, pp. 79-97. Buenos Aires,

Nevado Huallatire, 6087 m. 19,972 ft. 1. F. Ahlfeld, 1926 (p.c.)

Copiapó (Cerro del Azufre), 6072 m. 19,921 ft. 1. Indian constructions found on the top; known ascents: S. Osiecki, W. Pariski, J. Szczepanski, J. Wojsznis, 3.1937, RA 69, pp. 30-1 and Acab 1950, pp.73-9.

2. A. Mercado, 1942 (p.c.)

San Pedro, 6063 m. 19,891 ft. 1. G. Courty, F. Morales, 6.15.1903, AF 1961, p. 101.

Salín (Llanín), 6060 m. 19,882 ft. 1. Atacameñan Indians; known

ascents : S. Bossini, C. Mas, 10.1960, Acab 60, p. 65.

Acaramachi (Pili), 6044 m. 19,831 ft. 1. A. Bonacossa, R. Gérard, 3.14.1939, Alpinismo Italiano nel mondo, TCI and CAI, Milano, 1953, pp. 291-6.

Socompa, 6031 m. 19,787 ft. 1. Probably by Atacameñan Indians; known ascents: F. Reichert, ‘Easter’ 1905, Z 1906, pp. 153-161.

Various other ascents.

Piedras Blancas, 6020 m. 19,751 ft. 1. R. Gajardo’s party, 2.1956,

Memorial del Ejército de Chile, #276, p. 46, 1956, Santiago.

Nevado San Francisco, 6005 m. 19,700 ft. 1. W. Penck, 12.16.1913,

W. Penck, op. cit. pp. 176-182.

Licancabur, 5930 m. 19,456 ft. 1. Atacameñan Indians probably used the top as watchtower or shrine; known ascents: S. Titichoca, 11.1884, Luis Risopatrón, La Línea de la Frontera con la República de Bolivia, Imprenta Universitaria, 1910, Santiago, p. 108.

J. Santelices, S. Titichoca, 3.19.1886, ibid.

A. Bonacossa, R. Gérard, 3.6.1939, TCI and CAI, op. cit. pp. 291-6.

P. Hodges, H. Kristensen, M. Madden, and three others, 11. 23.1953, GR 1955, pp. 157-71.

G. Le Paige, 1955 (p.c.)

W. Espinoza, 10.1960, AF 1961, p. 106.

Ollague, 5870 m. 19,259 ft. 1. H. Berger and five local railroad men, 9.15.1888, Petermanns Mitteilungen, 1891, pp. 241-7.

2. G. Courty, F. Ríos, 7.2.1903, AF 1961, p. 102.

(note: Sulphur fields are under exploitation near the top; ascent may have become frequent.)

Cauranquinza, 5870 m. 19,259 ft. 1. Probably by Atacameñan Indians; known ascent: W. Espinoza, C. Marangunic, 10.1960, AF 1961, p. 106.

unnamed, (María de Piamonte), 5840 m. 19,160 ft. 1. A. Bonacossa, R. Gérard, 2.21.1939, TCI and CAI, op. cit. pp. 291-6.

unnamed, (Cerro de los Alpinos), 5820 m. 19,095 ft. 1. C. Negri, 2.21.1939, TCI and CAI, op. cit. pp. 291-6.

Tocorpuri, 5755 m. 18,880 ft. 1. A. Bonacossa, R. Gérard, C. Negri, 2.19.1939, TCI and CAI, op. cit. pp. 291-6.

note: this peak has been wrongly listed in maps as 6755 m. or 22,160 ft.

Colorado, 5742 m. 18,838 ft. 1. Same as 461, but 2.23.1939.

Doña Ana, 5690 m. 18,668 ft. 1. Indians or miners may have made earlier ascents; modern expeditions to the top are:

A. and J. Cariola, F. Scheffer, 2.8.1953, RA 83, p. 9.

O. González, E. Vincens, 1.27.1956, RA 83, pp. 7-10.

L. Krahl, O. González, C. Vásquez, 1.7.1958, AF 1957-8, p. 106.

P. Rosende, 1.27.1958, AF 1957-8, p. 108.

464a. Sapaleri, 5643 m. 18,514 ft. 1. B. de Biedma, J. Mariaca, A. Prieto, E. Würth, 11.30.1940, Insituto Geográfico Militar, Informe Final de la Comisión Demarcadora de Límites Argentina-Bolivia, 1953, Buenos Aires, pp. 138-9.

Rincón, 5594 m. 18,352 ft. 1. R. Hauthal, 3.24.1893, Revis ta del Museo La Plata, 1904, p. 182.

2. V. Caro and Pardo, engineers, 1.20.1905, L. Risopatrón, La Línea de la Frontera en la Puna de Atacama, Imprenta Universitaria, 1906, Santiago, p. 245.

Dos Hermanas, 5544 m. 18,188 ft. 1. Chilean surveyors, before 1896.

Escabroso, 5500 m. 18,045 ft. 1. O. González, L. Krahl, C. Vásquez, 1.8.1958, AF 1957-8, p. 106.

Chuculai, 5420 m. 17,782 ft. 1. Indian copper knife found on top by Chilean surveyors, before 1888; F. San Roman, Desiertos i Cordilleras de Atacama, 1896, Santiago, vol. I, p. 145.

Punilla Este, 5300 m. 17,389 ft. 1. O. González, L. Krahl, 1.13.1958,

AF 1957-8, p. 108.

469a. Tata Jachura, 5240 m. 17,192 ft. 1. J. Espinoza, 4.8.1907, Oficina de Mensura de Tierras, Chile, Segunda Memoria, 1909, p. 110, Santiago.

469b. Columtucsa (Yarvicoya), 5210 m. 17,093 ft. 1. J. Espinoza, 11.19.

Oficina de Mensura de Tierras, Chile, Primera Memoria,

pp. 200-201, Santiago.

469c. unnamed, 5142 m. 16,970 ft. 1. Chilean surveyors, 7.11.1906, L. Risopatrón, La Línea de la Frontera con la Repúblic a de Bolivia, Imprenta Universe, 1909, Santiago (pp. 348-51).

El Cencerro, 5070 m. 16,634 ft. 1. P. Boigtler, R. Busquets, S. Ledda, 3.12.1951, RA 77, p. 15.

470a. Doña Inés, 5070 m. 16,634 ft. 1. Probably Indians, as well as local miners; first recorded ascent: E. Lankenau, 9-15.1937, Petermanns Geographischen Mitteilungen (Ergänzungsheft #267), p. 29, Gotha, Germany.

Curutu, 5050 m. 16,558 ft. 1. Three Chilean surveyors, 12.22.1904, Risopatrón, La Línea de la Frontera en la Puna de Atacama, Imprenta Universitaria, Santiago, pp. 244-5.

2. Chilean surveyors, 12.27.1904, Risopatrón, ibid.

Salla, 5036 m. 16,522 ft. 1. Inca road crosses along the top, L.

Risopatrón, Diccionario Geográfico de Chile, Imprenta Universitaria, 1924, Santiago, p. 790.

Piga, 5020 m. 16,470 ft. 1. G. Nuñez, O. Soza, 7.4.1906, Risopatrón, Diccionario Geográfico de Chile, p. 671 and Risopatrón, La Línea de la Frontera con la República de Bolivia, Imprenta Universe, 1909, Santiago, p. 348.

Chachacoma, 5000 m. 16,404 ft. 1. W. Bachmann, B. González, J. Harseim, 1.28.1954, RA 80, p. 15.

Central Andes

This is the Andean district of most intense activity; some peaks, like Cerro Plomo (17,815 ft.) may well have been climbed more than three hundred times. Therefore, only first ascents will be listed.

Tupungato, 6550 m. 21,490 ft. 1. S. Vines, M. Zurbriggen, 4.12. 1897, AJ v. 19, pp. 1-4 and 565-578.

Nevado Juncal, 6110 m. 20,046 ft. 1. D. Beíza, R. Helbling, F. Reichert, 2.17.1911, AJ v. 26, p. 85.

Cerro Alto, 6100 m. 20,013 ft. 1. W. Foerster, J. Koester, L. Krahl, E. Meier, 2.11.1944, RA, 73, p. 16.

Marmolejo, 6100 m. 20,013 ft. 1. S. Krückel, A. Maas, H. Sattler, 1.1928, Miitteilungen des DAV 1929, p. 150.

Nevado del Plomo, 6050 m. 19,849 ft. 1. R. Bade, R. Helbling, F. Reichert, 1.20.1909, F. Reichert, La Exploración de la Alta Cordillera de Mendoza, L. Bénard, 1929, Buenos Aires, pp. 199-223.

Nevado de los Piuquenes (Cerro San Juan), 6017 m. 19,743 ft. 1. J. Lüders, O. Pfenniger, 2.8.1933, RA 73, p. 16.

Marmolejo Norte, 5940 m. 19,488 ft. 1. O. González, 1.17.1953, AF 1957-8, pp. 154-7.

Nevado Sin Nombre, 5913 m. 19,400 ft. 1. H. Bunger, E. Hoffmann, J. Koester, 12.17.1944, RA 44, pp. 22-3.

San José, 5880 m. 19,292 ft. 1. S. Krückel, O. Pfenniger, 3.6.1931, BW III, p. 438.

Cerro Risopatrón, 5750 m. 18,865 ft. 1. S. Krückel, O. Pfenniger, K. Walz, 2.4.1935, RA 73, p. 16.

Tupungatito, 5640 m. 18,504 ft. 1. L. Risopatrón, 1897, F. Reichert, op. cit. p. 330.

Cerro Trono, 5600 m. (?), 18,373 ft. 1. J. Harseim, E. Meier, 1.20.1946, And. 1959, p. 23.

Cerro Pirámide, 5600 m. (?) 18,373 ft. 1. H. Gerstenmaier, S. Krückel, K. Walz, 2.5.1937, RA 73, p. 16.

487a. Cerro Tronco, 5600 m. (?) 18,373 ft. 1. W. Siegel, W. Stehr, 1.10. AF 1960, pp. 50 and 127-131.

Cerro Castillo, 5485 m. 17,995 ft. 1. E. Hoffmann, S. Kunstmann, L. Krahl, E. Meier, 2.27.1953, RA 79, p. 16.

Cerro Reichert (Nevado Silva), 5470 m. 17,946 ft. 1. E. Araya, A. Larraín, 1.19.1945, RA 44, pp. 16-9.

Cerro Plomo, 5430 m. 17,815 ft. 1. An Inca mummy found on the southern slopes, near the top; ascended also by local miners and hillmen. Known first ascent: G. Brandt, R. Luck, 1896, RA 68, p. 18.

Loma Larga, 5425 m. 17,979 ft. 1. F. Vivanco, O. Zelaya, 2.1953, RA 19, p. 13.

unnamed (Cerro Fickensher), 5405 m. 17,732 ft. 1. C. Piderit, B. Rosales, 2.1947, RA 56, p. 21.

Alto de los Leones, (Casco de Bombero), 5400 m. 17,717 ft. 1. D. and F. Marmillod, C. Piderit, 4.11.1939, DA 1940, pp. 313-17.

Parsifal, 5400 m. 17,717 ft. 1. W. Foerster, R. Goyeneche, G. Stein, 1.1946, RA 56, pp. 21-2.

Cerro Manchado, 5375 m. 17,633 ft. 1. W. Bachmann, L. Krahl, E. Meier, 1.15.1945, RA 45, p. 9.

Cerro Polleritas (Académico), 5370 m. 17,618 ft. 1. M. Bazán, S. Costa, R. Sneberger, 2.1951, RA 77, p. 13.

Cerro Littoria (Cerro Unión), 5360 m. 17,586 ft. 1. L. Binaghi, G. Gervassutti, 3.4.1934, RA 55, p. 11; RM 1934, pp. 323-326.

Sierra Bella, 5340 m. (?), 17,520 ft. 1. W. Foerster, L. Krahl, E. Meier, 2.14.1949, And. 59, p. 24.

Cerro Solari, 5325 m. 17,470 ft. 1. A. Fergadiott, J. Harseim, 3.10. 1947, RA 56, p. 19.

Cerro Rabicano, 5310 m. 17,422 ft. 1. A. Larraín, C. Píderit, J. Silva, J. Santelices, 2.1939, Editorial Andina, Farellones, 1945, Santiago (p. 18).

Maipo, 5290 m. 17,356 ft. 1. P. Güssfeldt, 2.21.1883, L. Lliboutry, Nieves y Glaciares de Chile, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, 1956, p. 246.

Catedral, 5290 m. 17,356 ft. 1. J. Ebensperguer, G. von Heim, E. Hoffmann, 12.1942, RA 73, p. 16.

Mesón Alto, 5287 m. 17,347 ft. 1. E. Conrads, A. Maas, O. Pfenniger, and Wolf, 1.12.1929, RA 68, p. 38.

Cerro Río Blanco, 5228 m. 17,153 ft. 1. F. Bade, L. Hauman, F. Reichert, 1.1908, Reichert, op. cit. pp. 120-7.

Cerro Altar, 5222 m. 17,132 ft. 1. A tin of English tobacco found on the top in 1929. First recorded ascent:

S. Krückel, O. Pfenniger, 12.30.1929 (p.c.)

Cortadera, 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. Bruening, E. Hein, A. Maas, Niederer, 1932, RA 68, p. 38.

Cerro Bello, 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. B., O. and R. González, S. Kunstmann, 1.8.1952, RA 77, p. 16.

unnamed (Punta Gervassutti), 5200 m. (?), 17,061 ft. 1. S. Almont, R. Cerely, B. and O. González, 12.1951, RA 77, p. 13.

unnamed (Punta Venezuela), 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. N. Chávez de Strammwasser, O. Zelaya, 2.1959, (p.c.).

León Blanco, 5195 m. 17,043 ft. 1. R. Helbling, F. Reichert, 1.1. 1911, Reichert, op. cit. pp. 119-135.

Cerro Las Toscas, 5180 m. 16,995 ft. 1. E. Meier, 2.15.1955, (p.c.).

Los Gemelos, 5170 m. 16,962 ft. 1. N. Meyendorff, A. Pollinger,

Ramón, 4.24.1903, DA 1952 #2, pp. 25-9.

Alto del Yeso, 5155 m. 16,912 ft. 1. B. and O. González, 2.27,1954, RA 80, pp. 16-7.

Leon Negro, 5151 m. 16,900 ft. 1. W. Foerster, L. Krahl, E. Meier, W. Niehaus, 1.7.1951, RA 75, p. 43.

Cerro Roth, 5150 m. 16,897 ft. 1. Same as 499.

Cerro Picarte, 5100 m. 16,733 ft. 1. M. Bazán, L. Orozco, R. Sneberger, L. Strammwasser, 1.14.1951, RA 75, p. 49.

Punta Saavedra, 5100 m. (?), 16,733 ft. 1. H. Aravena, S. Díaz, J. Duprat, J. Riveros, J. Velastín, 1.3.1955, RA 79, p. 13.

unnamed (Cerro Kobe), 5100 m. (?), 16,733 ft. 1. K. Claussen, H. Toyoda, 2.13.1960, AF 1960, pp. 52 and 71-81.

unnamed, 5080 m. 16,607 ft. 1. F. Gold, E. Hoffmann, L. and R. Krahl, S. Kunstmann, E. Meyer, 3.4.1953, RA 79, p. 16.

Cerro Morado, 5060 m. 16,601 ft. 1. S. Krückel, O. Pfenniger, 12. 22.1933, RA 68, p. 38.

Cerro Amarillo, 5054 m. 16,580 ft. 1. J. Bocaz, H. Durand, N. Ota, 3.25.1960, AF 1960, pp. 55 and 110-1.

Mono Rabicano, 5050 m. 16,568 ft. 1. Same as 502.

Leonera (Plomo Negro), 5050 m. 16,568 ft. 1. E. Gehrung, J. Koch, 1935, And. 1937, p. 53.

unnamed (Helvecia), 5050 m. 16,568 ft. 1. J. Figueroa, O. Pérez, 3.12.1953, RA 80, p. 14.

Cuerno Blanco, 5030 m. 16,503 ft. 1. Same as 507, but 2.12.1952.

Nevado Olivares, 5025 m. 16,488 ft. 1. R. Busquets, C. Piderit, B. Rosales, 1.15.1948, RA 59, p. 29.

Alto del Potrero Escondido, 5010 m. 16,437 ft. 1. P. Dauelsberg, K. Keuck, 12.27.1946, RA 56, pp. 21-2.

unnamed (Cincuentenario), 5009 m. 16,433 ft. 1. W. Stehr, H. Stohr, K. Winter, 1.20.1959, AF 1959, p. 100.

Pico de Orientatión, 5005 m. 16,422 ft. 1. F. Bade, F. Reichert, 1.22.1907, RA 68, p. 37.

unnamed (Cerro Osiecki), 5000 m. 16,404 ft. 1. Same as 492.

Nevado de Sierra Bianca, (Cerro Federación), 5000 m. 16,404 ft. 1. M. Bazán, S. Costa, R. Sneberger, 1.1951, RA 77, pp. 12-3.

Alto de los Arrieros, 5000 m. 16,404 ft. 1. D. and F. Marmillod, L. and O. Pfenniger, 2.1950, RA 69, p. 13.

Picos del Barroso (central peak), 5000 m. (?) 16,404 ft. 1. W. Foerster, E. Meier, W. Niehaus, 2.12.1948, RA 60, pp. 7-8.

Picos del Barroso (western peak), 5000 m. (?) 16,404 ft. 1. Same as 533, but 2.11.1948.

Picos del Barroso (eastern peak), 4980 m. (?) 16,340 ft. 1. S. García, A. Larraín, 2.1942, Editorial Andina, Farellones, 1945, Santiago, p. 18.

Punta ltalia, 4978 m. 16,333 ft. 1. L. Binaghi, G. Gervassutti, 3.23. 1934, RM 1934, pp. 321-2.

Picos del Barroso (north-west peak), 4950 m. (?), 16,240 ft.

W. Bachmann, E. Echevarría, E. Vidaurrázaga, 12.1951, RA 77, p. 16; AJ v. 58, pp. 407-9.

Cerro Negro, 4950 m. 16,240 ft. 1. H. Barrera, M. and S. García,

A. Larraín, 4.21.1938, Club Andino de Chile, Boletin Informativo, May 1938, p. 11.

Cerro Anec, 4936 m. 16,196 ft. 1. F. Babra, S. García, and others, 2.1935, Editorial Andina, op. cit. p. 18.

Cerro La Paloma, 4930 m. 16,175 ft. 1. F. Mondini, R. Temperley, E. Trewhela, 2.20.1912, RA 63, pp. 2-3.

Cerro Bahamonde, 4920 m. 16,142 ft. 1. Same as 539.

Cerro Yeguas Muertas, 4910 m. 16,109 ft. 1. Same as 507, but 1.13.1952.

Nevado de Flores, 4910 m. 16,109 ft. 1. Same as 537.

Nevado Asociación, 4900 m. (?), 16,076 ft. 1. Same as 526.

Alto del Coironal, 4888 m. 16,037 ft. 1. S. Astudillo, O. Zelaya, 11.6.1958, AF 1959, p. 76.

Torre de Flores, 4885 m. 16,026 ft. 1. E. Meier, W. Niehaus, H. Schlotfeldt, E. Schneider, 12.7.1953, And. 1959, p. 25.

El Palomo, 4850 m. 15,912 ft. 1. D. Beíza, P. Schucan, 1.1.1927, RA 68, p. 7.

Valeria, 4800 m. 15,748 ft. 1. V. Messina, E. Roncatti, 2.10.1957, AF 1957-8, p. 102.

Alto del Barriga, (Luría-Dinamarca), 4800 m. (?), 15,748 ft. 1. M. Bazán, L. Guevara, 1.27.1949, RA 64, p. 15-6.

Mono Blanco, 4800 m. (?), 15,748 ft. 1. H. Alex, K. Keuck, R. Simon, 12.29.1945, RA 52, pp. 25-7.

note: this peak was reported erroneously as León Blanco.

Cerro Freile, 4800 m. (?). 15,748 ft. 1. W. Bachmann, L. Krahl, M. Araneda, 4.4.1942, RA 68, p. 39.

Cerro Yeguas Heladas, 4790 m. 15,715 ft. 1. E. Kremer, H. Wünnsche, 12.31.1942, And. 1959, p. 19.

El Serrucho, 4770 m. 15,650 ft. 1. Same as 537.

Cerro La Parva de Inca, 4760 m. 15,617 ft. 1. H. Escobar, L. Forno, 1.6.1948, RA 59, p. 24.

note: also attributed to J. Alig, H. Moser, 10.1945, BW III, p. 443.

Alto de la Mamá, 4754 m. 15,593 ft. 1. E. García, F. Vivanco, 1.26.1957, AF 1959, pp. 105-113.

Coironal Central, 4750 m. 15,584 ft. 1. S. Astudillo, P. Campos, F. Montenegro, 2.1956, AF 1956, p. 142.

Cerro Las Plaças, 4736 m. 15,537 ft. 1. J. Harseim, E. Meier, 4.24.1943, RA 68, p. 39.

El Brujo, 4720 m. 15,486 ft. 1. W. Bachmann, L. Covarrubias, E. Echevarría, 12.1949, RA 68, pp. 7-8.

Cerro del Aparejo, 4700 (?) m. 15,420 ft. 1. J. Ebensperguer, A. Huber, J. Koester, 12.9.1950, RA 75, p. 44.

Cerro Iver, 4700 m. (?), 15,420 ft. 1. B. Klein, C. Piderit, J. Silva, 1943, RA 68, p. 29.

Falso Morado, (Morado Sur), 4700 m. (?), 15,420 ft. 1. G. Meissner, W. Tietzen, 1934, RA 68, p. 13.

Cerro Barentín, 4695 m. 15„405 ft. 1. B. Klein, C. Piderit, J. Silva, 1943, RA 68, p. 28.

Cerro La Gloria, 4685 m. 15,385 ft. 1. Nienterlein, Skerra, Wein- reich, Zobeck, 1933, RA 68, p. 38.

Cerro Bismarck, 4670 m. 15,322 ft. 1. G. Brandt, and others, 1893, Luis Risopatrón, Diccionario Geográfico de Chile, Imprenta Uni- versitaria, 1924, Santiago, p. 81.

Nevado de Leiva, 4660 m. 15,256 ft. 1. L. Forno, N. Giagnoni, J. Ortiz, 2.15.1953, RA 79, p. 13.

Punta La Cuña, 4650 m. 15,256 ft. 1. E. Siqués, C. Vásquez, 11.28. 1960, AF 1961, p. 107.

Altar Falso, 4650 m. 15,256 ft. 1. L. Guevara, L. Orozco, G. Otero, 3.7.1947, RA 61, pp. 31-2.

unnamed (Cerro Doctor Cruz), 4630 m. 15,191 ft. 1. P. Durand, E. García, F. Vivanco, 2.11.1959, AF 1959, pp. 119-121.

Cerro Tordillo, 4620 m. 15,158 ft. 1. Same as 565, but 2.17.1953.

unnamed (Cerro Cachv), 4600 m. 15,092 ft. 1. E. Carramiñana, J. Figueroa, O. Pérez, 3.1951, RA 75, p. 46.

Cerro Biscocho, (Cerro Juan Olmos), 4600 m. (?), 15,092 ft. 1. S. Barraza, W. Iturriaga, P. Milón, 4.1952, RA 78, p. 10.

unnamed (Punta Brazil), 4600 m. (?), 15,092 ft. 1. A. Campbell, B. and O. González, 4.1960, (p.c.).

Cerro Aguja, 4600 m. 15,092 ft. 1. W. Iturriaga, J. Simken, 2.24.1950, RA 71, p. 25.

Cerro Monjas (Altar del Diablo), 4578 m. 15,020 ft. 1. G. Mills, G. Muga, M. Puga, H. Tamba, 3.25.1960, AF 1960, pp. 55 and 109-110.

Cerro Mohai, 4550 m. 14,928 ft. 1. A. Cintolesi, P. García, H. Ramírez, 2.26.1954, AF 1959, p. 84.

Cerro Unión, 4550 m. 14,928 ft. 1. Same as 570, minus E. Carraminana.

Mono Escondido, 4550 m. 14,928 ft. 1. (?) G. Mills, G. Muga, J. Quinteros, F. Rojas, 12.7.1959, AF 1960, p. 49.

Cerro Catedral Sur, 4550 m. 14,928 ft. 1. F. Alvaro, G. Mills, G. Muga, 4.16.1960, AF 1960, p. 57.

Cerro Cotón, 4550 m. 14,928 ft. 1. W. Foerster, A. González, H. Toyoda, 3.11.1960, AF 1960, pp. 100-2.

Aguja Helada, 4540 m. 14,895 ft. 1. B. and O. González, O. Zelaya, Easter 1951, (p.c.).

Cerro Manutara, 4540 m. 14,895 ft. 1. C. Alvarez, E. Muñoz, J. Velastín, 2.1951, RA 75, p. 47.

Cerro Esmeralda, 4535 m. 14,877 ft. 1. W. Foerster, E. Meier, W. Niehaus, 4.17.1950, RA 71, p. 24.

Punta Mistral, 4500 m. 14,764 ft. 1. L. Alvarez, P. Campos, B. González, A. Yáñez, 1.24.1957, AF 1959, pp. 105-113.

Punta Fugaz, 4500 m. 14,764 ft. 1. K. Winter, 2.7.1958, AF 1959, p. 86.

Cerro Morisco, 4500 m. 14,764 ft. 1. V. Helmke, U. Lorber, H. Meinardus, H. and W. Stehr, H. Stohr, 3.28.1959, AF 1959, p. 85.

Cerro Barros Negros (San Emeterio), 4500 m. 14,764 ft. 1. F. Babra, S. García, 1939, Editorial Andina, Farellones, Santiago, 1942 (p. 18).

Cabeza de Novillo, 4499 m. 14,760 ft. 1. W. Foerster, J. Haberland, F. Montenegro, 12.31.1956, And. 1959, p. 26.

San Francisco, 4480 m. (?), 14,698 ft. 1. Probably ascended by local miners or hillmen; known ascent: A. Maas, 1931 (p.c.).

Punta Canaletas, 4460 m. 14,633 ft. 1. J. Arévalo, C. Vásquez, 10.11.1960, AF 1961, p. 106.

El Innominado (Chile-Japón), 4450 m. 14,600 ft. 1. W. Foerster, A. González, H. Toyoda, 3.6.1960, AF 1960, pp. 53 and 96-9.

Cerro Casa de Piedra, 4450 m. 14,600 ft. 1. E. García, C. Noriega, F. Vivanco, 1.15.1956, RA 83, pp. 22-5.

Las Arenas, 4440 m. 14,567 ft. 1. M. Authievre, S. Montenegro, J. del Solar, O. Zelaya, 10.31.1954, RA 81, p. 22.

Punta Mirador, 4400 m. 14,436 ft. 1. J. Palacios, E. Siqués, C. Vásquez, 11.12.1959, AF 1960, p. 47.

Cerro Asae, 4400 m. 14,436 ft. 1. P. Durand, E. García, C. Roesch- man, F. Vivanco, 2.11.1959, AF 1959, pp. 116-119.

Cerro Panamericano, 4400 m. 14,436 ft. 1. Same as 581, plus S. Botteselle.

unnamed (Punta Nays), 4400 m. 14,436 ft. 1. S. Astudillo, R. Bauer, J. Velastín, O. Zelaya, 12.27.1958, AF 1959, p. 77.

Punta Desconocida, 4350 m. 14,272 ft. 1. H. Claussen, Zimmer- mann, 4.3.1954, AF 1956, p. 93.

Puntilla I de Flores, 4330 m. 14,206 ft. 1. C. Ericksen, W. Espinoza, E. García, 12.9.1959, AF 1961, p. 56.

Punta Valdés, 4320 m. 14,173 ft. 1. F. Alvaro, B. and O. González, 3.13.1960, AF 1960, p. 54.

Mirador del Morado, 4320 m. 14,173 ft. 1. E. Hein, H. Sattler, before 1942, (p.c.).

El Ciervo, 4310 m. 14,141 ft. 1. B. and O. González, O. Zelaya, 10.8.1949, RA 67, p. 11.

Tinguiririca, 4300 m. 14,108 ft. 1. L. d’Epinay, and Frau Kühn- von Boemble, 3.3.1930, Petermanns Geographischen Mitteilungen, 1958, pp. 10-1.

note: local hillmen or miners may have made earlier ascents.

Cumbre Aguja, 4300 m. 14,108 ft. 1. P. Durand, N. Ota, H. Tamba, 3.29, 1960, AF 1960, pp. 56 and 112-4.

Cumbre Torre, 4300 m. H. Durand, G. Mills, G. Muga, M. Puig, 3.29.1960, AF 1960, pp. 56 and 112-4.

unnamed (Punta Horst), 4300 m. 14,108 ft. 1. H. Wünsche, 12.31.1945, And. 1959, p. 19.

Cerro Gac, 4300 m. 14,108 ft. 1. P. Cisternas, F. Rojas, 12.8.1960, AF 1961, p. 108.

Cerro Saladillo (Espinazo del Diablo), 4300 m. (?), 14,108 ft. 1. E. Kremer, 11.25.1942, And. 1959, p. 19.

El Monolito, 4274 m. 14,022 ft. 1. E. Siqués, C. Vásquez, J. Wood,

AF 1960, p. 50.

San Francisco de Las Condes, 4270 m. 14,009 ft. 1. (?) G. Brandt and others, before 1896, RA 49, p. 10.

note: local hillmen or miners may have made earlier ascents.

Cerro del Diablo, 4270 m. 14,009 ft. 1. W. Bachmann, A. Fer- gadiott, L. Krahl, E. Meier, 10.31.1944, RA 68, p. 39.

Pico Negro, 4270 m. 14,009 ft. 1. Bulnes, C. Piderit, B. Rosales, 11.1948, (p.c.).

Teniente de los Quempos, 4250 m. 13,944 ft. 1. W. Foerster, J. Haberland, F. Montenegro, 12.15.1957, AF 1957-8, p. 106.

Pico Norte de Colina, 4260 m. 13,977 ft. 1. J. Harseim, H. Rentzsch, Schaub, Scheel, G. Walther, Winterhaider, 4.8.1939, And. 1943, pp. 47-52.

Alto Cotón Norte, 4250 m. 13,944 ft. 1. N. Ota, F. Rosales, H. Tanba, 3.11.1960, AF 1960, pp. 53-4 and 101-2.

Cerro Echaurren, 4230 m. 13,878 ft. 1. (?), Dr. Michaelsen, 1930, RA 68, p. 38.

note: local hillmen may have made an earlier ascent.

Alto del Nevado del Plomo, 4200 m. 13,780 ft. 1. V. Orellana, M. Vergara, 2.1957, AF 1957-8, p. 102.

unnamed (Punta Margarete), 4200 m. 13,780 ft. 1. H. Wünsche, 12.31.1945, And. 1959, p. 19.

Cerro Klatt, 4200 m. 13,780 ft. 1. J. Harseim, W. Niehaus, 1.10. 1948, RA 68, p. 36.

Cerro Amarillo de Colina, 4180 m. 13,714 ft. 1. G. Meissner, Northeimer, 1934, RA 68, p. 38.

El Paso, 4150 m. 13,616 ft. 1. J. Chaparro, R. Vouriot, 12.1954, RA 81, p. 22.

Capitán de los Quempos, 4145 m. 13,599 ft. 1. O. Pfenniger, G. von Plate, 10.13.1934, RA 68, p. 38.

Punta Andina, 4140 m. 13,583 ft. 1. P. Freud, B. González, 3.5. 1950, RA 70, p. 17.

Cerro Vegas, (Cordón Lo Valdés), 4130 m. 13,550 ft. 1. J. Koch, 1933, RA 68, p. 38.

La Corona, 4l30'm. 13,550 ft. 1. A. Salas, J. Valentín, 1950, RA 77, p. 14.

Puntiagudo de Colina, 4110 m. 13,484 ft. 1. G. Lange, G. Meissner, 1935, RA 68, p. 38.

Alto de los Bronces, 4110 m. 13,484 ft. 1. E. Bustos, G. Lange, 1.1939, RA 49, p. 16.

Cerro Granito, 4100 m. 13,452 ft. 1. Bethke, W. Klatt, 1933, RA 68, p. 38.

Puntilla II de Flores, 4100 m. 13,452 ft. 1. P. Durand, W. Espinoza, E. García, 12.15.1958, AF 1961, p. 57.

Cerro Atalaya, 4100 m. 13,452 ft. 1. P. Cisternas, F. Rojas, 12.8. 1960, AF 1961, p. 108.

Punta Negra, 4090 m. 13,419 ft. 1. S. Costa, A. Fergadiott, A. Muñoz, 4.5.1947, RA 56, p. 22.

Cerro Laguna, 4090 m. 13,419 ft. 1. L. Krahl, E. Meier, R. Schregle, 4.20.1946, RA 68, p. 39.

Cerro Ceatoleí, 4060 m. 13,320 ft. 1. E. Bertens, 12.12.1948, RA 64, p. 16.

Peñón de la Perla, 4060 m. 13,320 ft. 1. (?) Künzemuller, L. Lliboutry, Mathieu, 9.5.1952, RA 78, p. 18.

Viento Nevado, 4050 m. 13,288 ft. 1. K. Claussen, H. Meinardus, 2.26.1952, And. 1959, p. 19.

Punta Rosita, 4040 m. 13,255 ft. 1. O. Gonzalez, E. Klohn, L. Lliboutry, 2.26.1956, AF 1956, p. 144.

Sargento de los Quempos, 4040 m. 13,255 ft. 1. j. Harseim, E. Meier, 2.8.1943, And. 1959, p. 22.

Punta Cóndor, 4030 m. 13,222 ft. 1. S. Figueroa, C. Pereda, M. Puig, A. Stingl, 1.1957, AF 1957-8, p. 100.

Cerro Peñón, 4000 m. 13,124 ft. 1. L. Fernández, E. López, J. Valenzuela, 2.10.1957, AF 1957-8, p. 102.

Punta Perdida, 4000 m. 13,124 ft. 1. W. and W. Hertling, H. Stohr, K. Winter, O. Zollner, 4.5.1958, AF 1959, p. 88.

Dientes del Diablo, 4000 m. 13,124 ft. 1. B. and O. González, P. Freud, 12.1950, RA 75, p. 47.

Cerros de Federico, 4000 m. 13,124 ft. 1. Same as 533, but 2.8. 1948.

Torre Turquito, 4000 m. 13,124 ft. 1. K. Winter, 12.23.1957, And. 1958, p. 7.

642a. Estravío, 4000 m. 13,124 ft. 1. W. Foerster, E. Meier, 2.7.1954 (p.c.).

Southern Andes

(First ascents only).

Peteroa, 4000 m. 13,124 ft. 1. R. Hauthal, 2.27.1897, Revista del Museo La Plata, 1904, p. 186.

. Planchón, 3970 m. 13,025 ft. 1. Same as 643 but 3.8.1897.

644a. Orejas, 3960 m. 12,993 ft. 1. E. and M. Weber, 12.28.1936, Petermanns Geographischen Mitteilungen, v. 83, #10, p. 291.

Descabezado Grande, 3830 m. 12,566 ft. 1. Same as 643, but 3.15. 1897.

Lanín, 3776 m. 12,390 ft. 1. R. Hauthal, 5.25.1897, Z 1904, p. 53.

Sierra Velluda, (north peak), 3560 m. 11,680 ft. 1. E. Fahrenkrog, K. Kroessig, H. Tilly, 1.15.1940, And. 1943, pp. 79-80.

Sierra Velluda (central peak), 3518 m. 11,544 ft. 1. A. Mercado, V. Sepúlveda, 12.28.1948, RA 65, p. 31.

Tronador (Anón), 3430 m. 11,253 ft. 1. G. Claussen, 1.29.1934, RA 47, pp. 23-5.

Nevados de Chilián, 3180 m. 10,433 ft. 1. H. Barrera, C. Grandjot and wife, and students of the Seminario de Concepción, 1937, RA 68, p. 25.

Quizapú, 3100 m. 10,171 ft. 1. M. Junge, 1927, RA 68, p. 38.

Antuco, 2945 m. 9661 ft. 1. E. Pöppig, 1.11.1828, RA 51, p. 27. 652a. Tolguaca, 2780 m. 9121 ft. 1. J. Espinosa between October and December, 1909, Oficinas de Mensura de Tierras, Chile, Tercera Memoria, 1910, Santiago, p. 12.

Osorno, 2660 m. 8727 ft. 1. J. Renous, 1848, RA 68, p. 37.

Puntiagudo, 2494 m. 8182 ft. 1. H. Hess, R. Roth, 9.8.1937, DA 1938, pp. 589-91.

Michinmáhuida, 2470 m. 8106 ft. 1. R. Corsen, H. Koch, H. Meinardus, 1.23.1953, And. 1959, p. 19.

Mocho, 2430 m. 7978 ft. 1. A Chilean hillman, before 1936, And. 1937, p. 52.

Macá, 2400 m. (?), 7874 ft. 1. R. Eggmann, H. Hess, J. Neumayer, 11.21.1944, RA 52, pp. 22-3.

Corcovado, 2300 m. 7546 ft. 1. A. Gasch, G. Kress, 1.12.1945, RA 44, pp. 12-3.

Choshuenco, 2240 m. 7349 ft. 1. Heege, Kaerner, Steenblock, 1934, RA 68, p. 38.

Yate, 2110 m. 6923 ft. 1. B. Alvarado, 1845, And. 1934, p. 32.

Calbuco, 1690 m. 5545 ft. 1. J. Renous, 1859, RA 68, p. 37.

Hornopirén, 1670 m. 5479 ft. 1. J. Downton, 1872, Luis Risopatrón, Diccionario Geográfico de Chile, Imprenta Universitaria, 1924, Santiago (p. 398).

Pillaumó, (Cerro Amunátegui), 1623 m. 5325 ft. 1. K. Martin, 1870, RA 68, p. 37.

ARGENTINIAN ANDES Northern Andes (Puna)

Nevado de Pissis, (Nacimiento de Jagüel), 6779 m. 22,241 ft. 1. S. Osiecki, J. Szczepanski, 2.6.1937, RA 69, pp. 27-32 and Acab 1950, pp. 73-9.

unnamed (Nevado González), 6500 m. 21,326 ft. 1. O. Bravo, M. Cordomí, J. Femenías, W. Cöppens, G. Türpe, 2.22.1955, AAJ 1956, p. 134.

Cerro Nacimiento, 6493 m. 21,302 ft. 1. W. Pariski, J. Wojsznis, 2.4.1937, RA 69, pp. 27-32 and Acab 1950, pp. 73-9.

Nevado Bonete, 6412 m. 21,037 ft. 1. W. Penck, 1.14.1913, W. Penck, op. cit. pp. 72-8.

Nevado del Acay, 6340 m. 20,801 ft. 1. Two Argentinians and a Chilean, 1914. (Various other ascents).

Nevado de Cachi, 6310 m. 20,702 ft. 1. A. Hoygaar, M. di Pascuo, A. Pelicelli, 1.1.1950, RA 69, p. 14 and Acab 1951, p. 74. (Various other ascents).

Nevado de los Patos, (Cerro Tres Quebradas), 6280 m. 20,604 ft. 1. Probably local miners; first known ascent: S. Osiecki, W. Pariski, J. Szczepanski, J. Wojsznis, 1.18.1937, RA 69, pp. 27- 32 and Acab 1950, pp. 73-9.

670a. Nevado Ouehuar (Nevados de los Pastos), 6160 m. 20,210 ft. 1. Julio Oscar Ramírez, 5.22.1954, RM 7-8 1962, p. 231-2.

Cerro Negro Overo, 6150 m. 20,177 ft. 1. G. Córdoba, J. Fadel, 2.24.1960, Federación Argentina de Montañismo, La Montaña, December 1961, pp. 43-4.

Cerro Colorado, 6100 m. 20,013 ft. 1. R. Hauthal, 5.20.1895, Revista del Museo La Plata, vol. VII, 1896, pp. 169-180. (Various other ascents).

Antofaya, 6100 m. (?), 20,013 ft. 1. Probably by Inca Indians. First known ascent: Y. Cvitanic, T. Rubio, A. Vallmitjana, 8.26. 1954, Acab 1955, pp. 46-8.

2. Y. Cvitanic, M. Rebitsch, 1958, AAJ 1959, p. 314-6.

Arácar, 6080 m. 19,948 ft. 1. Probably Atacameñan or Inca Indians. Known ascents: J. Cvitanic, G. Lantschner, E. Henrich, 4.1.1958, AAJ 1959, p. 314-6.

2. S. Bossini, N. Grau, 7.13.1959, ATA 24, pp. 2-5.

Nevado del Chañi, 6060 m. 19,882 ft. 1. Hofsten, Mercado, 11.28. 1901, Mitteilungen des DAV, 1904, #21, pp. 255-6. (Various other ascents).

Volcán del Viento, 6010 m. 19,718 ft. 1. J. Wojsznis, 2.1937, RA 69, pp.27-32 and Acab 1950, pp. 72-9.

Chañi Chico, 5900 m. (?), 19,357 ft. 1. L. Saintout, Schweimer, 1959, ATA 27, p. 13.

Nevado Morado, 5900 m. 19,357 ft. 1. G. Rohmeder, 2.18.1940, Sociedad Científica Argentina, Anales, 1943, #3, p. 103 and Acab 1956, p. 62.

678a. Cerro Tinte, 5860 m. 19,226 ft. 1. F. Aguilar, B. de Biedma. N. Cobos, R. Flores, J. Mariaca, A. Prieto, and perhaps also Argentinian and Bolivian surveyors and porters, 10.5.1939, Instituto Geográfico Militär, op. cit. pp. 141-157.

unnamed, 5850 m. 19,193 ft. 1. Probably A. and V. Bolinders, S. Domicelj, 2.1956, RA 84, p. 27 and Journal 7, p. 94.

Nevado Alto Blanco, 5800 m. 19,029 ft. 1. Same as 678, but 2.14. 1940.

Cerro de la Aguada, 5800 m. 19,029 ft. 1. F. Reichert, between June and September 1904, Mitteilungen des DAV, 1904, #21, p. 255.

681a. Cerro Negro, 5680 m. 18,635 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 10.30.1939.

Cerro Galán, 5650 m. 18,537 ft. 1. Indian statuettes have been found on the top; first known ascent: R. Dangl, A. Stecich, before 1956, (p.c.).

2. A. Bolinders, M. Rebitsch, 3.1956, AAJ 1957, p. 163.

Cerro de los Arrieros, 5601 m. 18,376 ft. 1. J. Femenías, G. Türpe, 1.5.1955, (p.c.).

2. Bolsi, W. Cöppens, 2.1956, ATA 27, p. 9.

Clavillo de Aconquija (Nevado de los Cerrillos, Cerro Bolsón), 5550 m. 18,209 ft. 1. R. Hauthal, 6.3.1883, R. Hauthal, Reisen in Bolivien und Peru, Dunker & Humbolt, Leipzig, 1911, p. 61. (Various other ascents).

684a. Cerro Ramada, 5540 m. 18,176 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 11.28.1939.

Aguas Calientes, 5517 m. 18,102 ft. 1. A. and V. Bolinders, S. Carrizo, 2.1956, RA 84, p. 27 and Journal 7, p. 94.

685a. Crucesnioj (El Volcan), 5504 m. 18,057 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 11.20.1939.

Cerro Filo Aspero, 5500 m. 18,045 ft. 1. N. Grau, D. Reyes, 12.17.1958, ATA 21, pp. 2-7.

Cerro Tesoro, 5500 m. 18,045 ft. 1. L. Herps, O. Reyes, 12.1956, ATA 27, p. 9.

Cerro Panizos, 5494 m. 18,024 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 11.29.1939. Note: an ascent, with no known date, was claimed by H. Stegman, Revista Geográfica Americana, October 1940, pp. 231-6, (Buenos Aires).

688a. Cerro Cuevas, 5490 m. 18,012 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 11.25.1939.

688b. Cerro Bayo, 5490 m. 18,012 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 9.26.1939.

Clavillo Tucumano, 5450 m. 17,881 ft. 1. J. Giancaglini, J. Días, J. Femenías, 10.19.1953, ATA 27, p. 8.

Cerro de las Dos Lagunas, (Cerro de los Cóndores), 5450 m. 17,881 ft. 1. G. Rohmeder, 3.2.1942, Universidad de Tucumán, Monografias, #2, p. 20.

Tebenquincho, (Tevín Grande), 5410 m. 17,750 ft. 1. Probably Atacameñan or Inca Indians; known ascent: M. Rebitsch’s party, 1958, AAJ 1959, p. 316.

691a. Cerro Vicuñahuasi, 5390 m. 17,684 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 11.22. 1939.

691b. Cerro Panizos, 5360 m. 17,586 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 11.12.1939.

Nevado Overo, 5350 m. 17,553 ft. 1

G. Rohmeder, 3.9.1941, Universidad de Tucumán, Monografías, #2, p. 18.

Cerro Río de la Mina, 5350 m. 17,553 ft. 1. G. Rohmeder, 2.22. 1942, Universidad de Tucumán, Monografías, #2, p. 114.

Cerro Chimherí, 5350 m. 17,553 ft. 1. (?) A. Bolsi, J. Femenías, P. Pérez, G. Türpe, 4.1955, AT A 26, p. 5. (Various other ascents).

694a. Cerro Brajma, 5350 m. 17,553 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 10.3.1939.

Cerro Remate del Río de la Chacra, 5300 m. 17,389 ft. 1. G. Rohmeder, 2.22.1942; same as 693.

695a. Vilama, 5210 m. 17,093 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 9.28.1939.

Cerro Pabellón del. Abra Grande, 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. Same as 692.

San Fernando, 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. V. Cicchitti, E. Graneros, A. Magnani, 4.18.1949, RA 69, p. 33.

697a. Limitajo, 5158 m. 16,923 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 11.17.1939.

note: an ascent, with no known date, claimed by H. Stegman; Revista Geográfica Americana October 1940, pp. 231-6, Buenos Aires.

697b. Alcoac, 5130 m. 16,831 ft. 1. Same as 678a, but 10.3.1939.

Cerro Bayo, 5100 m. 16,733 ft. 1. Bollea, N. Grau, 1.5.1957, AT A 27, p. 9.

Central Argentina

Only first ascents are listed; a large number of successful expeditions have taken place in this area, particularly on peaks like Aconcagua, El Plata, etc.

Aconcagua., 6960 m. 22,835 ft. 1. M. Zurbriggen, 1.14.1897, AJ v. 19, pp. 1-4 and 565-578.

Mercedario, (Lighue), 6670 m. 21,884 ft. 1. S. Daszynski, A. Karpinski, S. Osiecki, V. Ostrowski, 1.18.1934, BW 1950, pp. 83-6.

Cerro de la Ramada, 6410 m. 21,033 ft. 1. K. Narkiewicz-Jodko, 2.2.1934, BW 1950, p. 85.

Alma Negra, 6290 m. 20,637 ft. 1. J. Dorawski, V. Ostrowski, 2.6.1934, BW 1950, p. 85.

Cerro Pabellón, (Negro), 6152 m. 20,155 ft. 1. J. Alméciga, D. Barrón, A. García, O. Maniero, 3.4.1953, RA 80, p. 22.

Cerro Polleras, 5947 m. 19,510 ft. 1. F. Reichert, 2.5.1908, Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde, 1909/10, pp. 193-222.

Pico Polaco, 5920 m. 19,423 ft. 1. A. Beorchia, E. Yacante, 1.19. 1958, Acab, 1958, p. 48.

Cerro de Ansilta, (Ansilta #2), 5900 m. 19,357 ft. 1. E. and E. Grooch, A. Zimmermann, 2.24.1956, CABA #27, p. 12.

Cerro Ameghino, 5883 m. 19,301 ft. 1. A. Landi, J. Semper, 3.16. 1938, CABA #27, p. 5.

Cerro El Plata, 5850 m. 19,193 ft. 1. F. Peters, F. Turek, 1.15.1925, RM 1938, p. 416.

Cerro Negro, 5800 m. (?), 19,029 ft. 1. M. Caretta and others, 8.1945, Revista Geográfica Americana, #147, pp. 301-5, Buenos Aires.

Ansilta #7, 5800 m. 19,029 ft. 1. E. Groch, A. Zimmerman, 1958,

Acab, 1958, p. 48.

Cerro Vallecitos, 5756 m. 18,886 ft. 1. M. Bertone, A. Landi, 1.26.1937, RM 1938, p. 416.

Ansilta #3, 5750 m. 18,865 ft. 1. A. Costín, Y. Mas, E. Yacante, 12.20.1954, CABA 27, p. 12.

Cerro La Mano, 5600 m. 18,373 ft. 1. F. Boucher, F. Memelsdorff, J. Pillet, C. Stegmann, G. Watzl, 1.1953, Mountain Craft 32, pp. 2-4, 1956, London.

Fiala, 5600 m. 18,373 ft. 1. F. Boucher, J. Corradi, J. Groos, N. Sanes, C. Urien, P. Ulens, 1.1955, AAJ 1956, p. 135.

Ansilta #1 (Mazuelos), 5600 m. 18,373 ft. 1. J. Bocci, A. Bofinger, P. Castro, S. Fernández, E. and E. Groch, J. Molina, 2.12.1955, CABA 27, p. 12.

Tambillos, 5570 m. 18,275 ft. 1. P. Giannacari, P. Reynals, J. Rizzutti, 5.3.1946, RA 73, p. 16.

Tres Picos del Amor, 5553 m. 18,218 ft. 1. J. Casanova, R. Gallop, R. Vidoni, 1954, Acab, 1955, p. 108.

Ansilta #5 (Costín), 5550 m. 18,209 ft. 1. E. and E. Altrichter, A. Beorchia, O. Kümmel, 1.17.1960, AF 1961, p. 167.

unnamed (Zurbriggen), 5550 m. 18,209 ft. 1. F. Boucher, J. Guthmann; same as 713.

unnamed (Fitz-Gerald), 5550 m. 18,209 ft. 1. Same as 713, but F. Memelsdorff, J. Pillet.

Cerro Cuerno (Cerro Horcones), 5520 m. 18,111 ft. 1. P. and S. Ceresa, R. Chabod, P. Ghiglione, M. Pastén, F. Strasser, 2.25.1934, Club Alpino Italiano, Alpinismo Italiano nel Mondo, 1953, Roma, p. 284 and RM 1934, pp. 292-7.

Cerro Rincón, 5518 m. 18,105 ft. 1. R. Hauthal, 1900, RA 73, p. 14.

Ansilta #6 (Laprida), 5500 m. 18,045 ft. 1. F. and R. Portillo, 1.10.1955, CABA 27, p. 12.

Cerro Negro de Ramada, ca. 18,000 ft. 1. J. Dorawski, A. Karpinski, W. Ostrowski, 1.1934, BW 1950, p. 84.

Aguila Blanca, 5400 m. 17,717 ft. 1. E. Blicharski, P. Dudzinski, A. Pastewski, J. Peterek, 1.13.1956, AAJ 1957, p. 164.

Gemelo Norte, 5400 m. 17,717 ft. 1. S. Chiartano, R. Gallop, R. Vidone, 1.13.1956, AAJ 1957, p. 165.

unnamed (Cerro Sarmiento), 5400 m. 17,717 ft. 1. E. Groos and others, 1.4.1958, Montañismo, (Salta), September 1959, p. 39.

Colorado, 5400 m. 17,717 ft. 1. P. Giannacari, P. Ugalde, 1.3.1943, RA 73, p. 16.

unnamed (Agustín Alvarez), 5400 m. 17,717 ft. 1. P. Etura, J. Vela, 1.6.1939, RA 73, p. 16.

unnamed (Punta H), 5400 m. 17,717 ft. 1. H. Schmidt, 2.22.1958, AF 1959, p. 86.

Tolosa, 5370 m. 17,618 ft. 1. C. and N. de Meyendorff, A. and J. Pollinger, 4.19.1903, DA 1952, #1, pp. 17-22.

unnamed (Cerro Güssfeldt), 5350 m. 17,553 ft. 1. F. and H. Boucher, F. Memelsdorff, J. Pillet, G. Watzl, 1.1953, Mountain Craft 32, pp. 2-4, 1956, London.

Catedral, 5310 m. 17,422 ft. 1. N. Lanti, S. Vines, M. Zurbriggen, 3.17.1897, AJ v. 19, pp. 1-4 and 565-578.

Ansilta #4 (Cerro Díaz), 5300 m. 17,389 ft. 1. A. Costín, V. Mas, E. Yacante, 12.23.1954, CABA 27, p. 12.

unnamed (Caba), 5280 m. 17,323 ft. 1. E. Blicharski, P. Dudzinski, A. Pastewski, J. Peterek, 1.13.1956, AAJ 1957, p. 164.

Santa Elena, 5240 m. 17,192 ft. 1. J. Andrade, P. Etura, D. López, S. Orozco, 1.26.1941, RA 73, p. 16.

unnamed (Karpinski), 5230 m. 17,159 ft. 1. Same as 735.

Cerro Doris, 5210 m. 17,093 ft. 1. R. Helbling, F. Reichert, 1.3. 1911, F. Reichert, La Exploración de la Alta Cordillera de Mendoza, C. Bénard, 1929, Buenos Aires (pp. 119-135).

unnamed (Pico Pablo Francke), 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. Members of Club Andinista Mendoza, 1.5.1943, RA 68, p. 36.

Loma Amarilla, 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. D. Avalle, M. Caffaro, 1942, RA 73, p. 16.

note: also recorded in RA 68, p. 39, as M. Caffaro, P. Francke, M. Pacheco, 12.1942.

Olonquimini (Blanco del Plata), 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. J. Coro- mina, G. Giannacari, S. Mendoza, P. Ugalde, 1943, RA 73, p. 16. 742. unnamed (Tatra), 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. Same as 735, but 1.8.1956.

Torre del Campanario, 5200 m. 17,061 ft. 1. Same as 726, but 1.16.1956. 744. Cerro Central, 5175 m. 16,977 ft. 1. Same as 738, but 12.31.1910.

Laguna, 5173 m. 16,971 ft. 1. E. Huerta (alone?), 1942, Acab 1942, pp. 26-31.

El Sosneado, 5160 m. 16,929 ft. 1. E. de la Motte, 1935, AJ vol. 48, pp. 177-8.

Expedición, 5152 m. 16,903 ft. 1. P. Durand, A. Gamboa, M. Toyoda, 3.25.1960, AF 1960, pp. 55 and 110-1.

unnamed (Cerro Reichert), 5150 m. 16,897 ft. 1. J. Guthmann, C. Stegmann, G. Watzl, 1.1953, Mountain Craft 32, pp. 2-4, 1956, London.

El Salto, 5100 m. 16,733 ft. 1. V. Domicelj, P. Etura, D. López, S. Orozco, 1.26.1941, RA 73, p. 16.

unnamed (Helvetia), 5100 m. 16,733 ft. 1. J. Figueroa, O. Pérez, no date, AF 1956, p. 101.

Santa Maria, 5100 m. 16,733 ft. 1. F. Labayén, W. Schiller, 2.1908, F. Reichert, op. cit. p. 331.

Amorcito, 5100 m. 16,733 ft. 1. Same as 714.

unnamed (Cerro Wanda), 5100 m. 16,733 ft. 1. Same as 724.

unnamed (Cerro México), 5083 m. 16,677 ft. 1. V. Bringa, C. Serrano, M. Svars, 2.3.1950, RA 77, p. 20.

Almacenes, 5060 m. 16,601 ft. 1. F. Clayton, J. Cochrane, C. MacDonald, M. Ryan, 2.3.1925, GJ 1925, p. 45.

unnamed (Krakus), 5050 m. 16,568 ft. 1. M. Czareba, 1.14.1956, AAJ 1957, p. 165.

Yeporá, 5050 m. 16,568 ft. 1. F. Bellinaud, J. Casanova, V. Vitale, 1.15.1956, AAJ 1957, p. 165.

Pico Sur del Cerro Blanco, 5015 m. 16,452 ft. 1. H. Stepanek, 1.18. 1925, And. 1934, p. 34.

Consuelo, 5000 m. 16,422 ft. 1. R. Cossen, G. Friedrichs, H. Koch, 1.27.1954, And. 1959, p. 19.

Bonete, 5000 m. 16,422 ft. 1. A. Cassis, 1.1950, RA 69, p. 14.

Sin Nombre, 5000 m. 16,422 ft. 1. T. Kopp, 1.1950, RA 69, p. 14.

unnamed (Giewont), 5000 m. 16,422 ft. 1. Same as 735, but 1.8.1956.

Oso, 5000 m. 16,422 ft. 1. Same as 714.

Cerro de los Dedos, 4960 m. 16,273 ft. 1. A. Cassis, T. Kopp, 1.1950, RA 77, p. 20.

Punta Negra, 4800 m. 15,748 ft. 1. Same as 714.

unnamed (Cerro Gustavo), 4788 m. 15,708 ft. 1. J. and S. Domicelj, J. Guthmann, 1.1955, AAJ 1956, p. 135.

Overo, 4765 m. 15,632 ft. 1. F. Kühn, 1924, And. 1934, p. 34.

Pirquitas, 4750 m. 15,584 ft. 1. Same as 714.

Cuernos (northern peak), 4650 m. 15,256 ft. 1. R. Helbling, F. Reichert, 1.15.1912, F. Reichert, op. cit. p. 332.

Cerro Colorado, 4650 m. 15,256 ft. 1. H. Stepanek, 12.18.1925,

And. 1934, p. 34.

Torre de Plata, 4500 m. 14,764 ft. 1. Same as 770, but 1.17.1925.

San Bernardo, 4420 m. 14,502 ft. 1. L. Hanicq, 1943 (?), Acab 1944, pp. 86-7.

Platita (Cerro Vacas), 4380 m. 14,370 ft. 1. J. Iñara, A. Magnani, 1944, RA 43, p. 26.

Torre de Cristal, 4200 m. 13,780 ft. 1. Same as 771.

Bariloche—Los Alerces district

First ascents only.

Cerro Tres Picos, 2600 m. 8,530 ft. 1. D. Bertoncelj, F. Jerman, 3.28.1952, Acab 21, pp. 16-25.

Cerro Pirámides, 2440 m. 8,045 ft. 1. L. Fonrouge, L. Piccoli, A. Weber, 12.1958, Acab 1960, pp. 20-23; AAJ 1958, p. 316.

Cerro Catedral, 2405 m. 8,078 ft. 1. P. Fischer, G. Kammerer, 2.10. 1943, Acab 1943.

Cerro Dos Picos, 2300 m. 7,583 ft. 1. R. Eggmann, J. Hardt, R. Porcel de Peralta, 1.4.1955, Acab 24, p. 46-7.

Cerro Torrecillas, 2240 m. 7,385 ft. 1. B. Alvarez, R. Eggmann, A. Fuentes, J. Hardt, R. Porcel de Peralta, 2.13.1954, Acab 23, pp. 87-90.

PATAGONIAN ANDES

Since this area is largely unsurveyed, the location of peaks and whether they fall in Chilean or Argentinian territory or on the border has been disregarded.

San Valentín, 3876 m. 12,716 ft. 1. D. Bertoncelj, G. Ezquerra, E. Hernández, B. Lantschner, O. Meiling, C. Neumayer, T. Pangerc, C. Sonntag, 12.18.1952, AJ 289, pp. 432-5.

San Lorenzo, 3660 m. 12,008 ft. 1. A. de Agostini, A. Hemmi, H. Schmoll, 12.17.1943, A. de Agostini, Andes Patagónicos, Editorial Kraft, 1945, Buenos Aires, (p. 373).

2. H. Corbella, J. Groos, G. Krings, 1956, CABA 26, 1956, pp. 7-11.

Cerro Moreno, 3554 m. 11,660 ft. 1. W. Bonatti, F. Doro, R. Eggmann, C. Mauri, H. Solari, 2.4.1958, RM 1-2, 1959, pp. 32-9. 783. Cerro Arenales, 3437 m. 11,277 ft. 1. K. Claussen, M. Emmanji, M. Takagi, 3.6.1958, AF 1957-8, pp. 123-49.

G. Mills, A. Morita, C. Píderit, 3.8.1958, AF 1957-8, pp. 123-49.

W. Iturriaga, S. Moeda, G. Muga, 3.10.1958, AF 1957-8, pp. 123-49.

Cerro FitzRoy (Chaltén), 3375 m. 11,072 ft. 1. G. Magnone, L. Terray, 2.2.1952, Alp. 1952, pp. 39-50; M. A. Azema, The Conquest of FitzRoy, Andre Deutsch, 1957, London.

Cerro Paine, 3050 m. (?), 10,007 ft. 1. J. Bich, L. Carrel, T. Gobbi, C. Pellissier, P. Pession, 12.27.1957, RM 5-6, 1958, pp. 141- 152 and 7-8, 1958, pp. 205-216.

Cerro Torre, 3020 m. 9908 ft. 1. T. Egger, C. Maestri, 1.31.1959, RM 7-8, 1961, pp. 205-11.

786a. unnamed (Don Bosco), ca. 3000 m. (?), 9,843 ft. 1. E. Klenk, A. Patewski, J. Peterek, 2.4.1957, AAJ 1958, p. 101.

unnamed, (Adela Central), 2960 m. 9,711 ft. 1. W. Bonatti, C. Mauri, 2.7.1958, RM 1-2, 1959, p. 38.

C. Detassis, L. Eccher, C. Fava, T. Lucchini, C. Maestri, M. Stenico, 2.7.1958, RM 3-4, 1958, pp. 112-4.

Cerro O’Higgins, 2910 m. 9,547 ft. 1. W. Espinoza, E. García, C. Marangunic, F. Vivanco, 3.1.1960, AF 1960, pp. 118-27.

Cerro Ñato, 2840 m. 9,318 ft. 1. Same as 787, 1st ascent.

Cerro Doblado, 2808 m. 9,215 ft. 1. E. Castiglione, L. Dubose, G. Gilberti, 2.8.1937, RM 1938, pp. 469-75.

Same as 789.

Cerro Grande, 2804 m. 9,203 ft. 1. C. Detassis, L. Eccher, C. Fava, T. Lucchini, C. Maestri, M. Stenico, 1.3.1958, RM 3-4, 1958, pp. 112-4.

unnamed (Pollone), 2800 m. 9,180 ft. 1. R. Dangl, G. Lantschner, R. Matzi, H. Zechner, 2.12.1949, Acab 18, pp. 22-6.

unnamed (Cerro Luca), 2790 m. 9,154 ft. 1. Same as 789.

Cerro Huemul, 2750 m. 9,022 ft. 1. A. Kölliker, F. Kühn, L. Witte, 2.23.1916, Alpina, 1924, 221-6.

Paine Oriental (Paine Chico, Almirante Nieto), 2670 m. 8,760 ft. 1. H. Teufel, S. Zuck, 1.7.1937, Z 1938, p. 230.

H. Kaltschmidt, O. Meiling, 1.15.1954, Acab 1955, pp. 5-12.

Torre Norte del Paine, 2600 m. 8,530 ft. 1. J. Bich, L. Carrel, C. Pelissier, P. Pession, 1.17.1958, RM 7-8, 1958, pp. 205-216.

P. Cardani, J. Carrera, J. Fonrouge, J. Insúa, J. Peterek, 1.20. 1960, Acab 1960, p. 41; AAJ 1960, pp. 149-151; CABA 32, pp. 4-7 and 10.

Cuerno Blanco, 2570 m. 8,432 ft. 1. Same as 791.

Same as 789.

unnamed, ca. 8,100 ft. 1. G. Bratt, E. Shipton, 1959, AJ v. 65, pp. 160-2.

Cerro Mayo, 2431 m. 8,015 ft. 1. A. de Agostini, L. Bron, E. Croux, E. Ferruglio, 1.4.1930, Agostini, op. cit. p. 154.

Cerro Tronco, 2400 m. 7,913 ft. 1. H. Hess, H. Schmoll, J. Studer, 1945, BW III, p. 376.

unnamed (Cerro Helbling), 2395 m. 7,898 ft. 1. P. Bruchhausen, H. Joos, 1.30.1959, CABA #31, p. 12.

unnamed (Cerro Turín), 2256 m. 7,438 ft. 1. A. de Agostini, L. Bron, E. Croux, E. Ferruglio, 2.6.1931, Agostini, op. cit. p. 174.

unnamed (Martínez de Rosas), 2250 m. 7,420 ft. 1. W. Espinoza, E. García, 3.7.1960, AF 1960, pp. 126-7.

Cerro Arido, 2250 m. 7,420 ft. 1. L. Herold, E. Parusal, 2.6.1955, Acab 25, p. 23.

unnamed (Cordón Barros Arana), 2200 m. 7,254 ft. 1. T. Floegel, H. Willumsen, 1948 (?), RA 62, pp. 57-9.

Cerro Steffen, 2200 m. 7,254 ft. 1. J. Jofré, 11.1950, RA 75, p. 58. 807. unnamed (Cerro Ana), 2200 m. 7,254 ft. 1. C. Maestri, 1.3.1958, RM 3-4, 1958, pp. 112-4.

Cerro Eléctrico, 2160 m. 7,122 ft. 1. A. de Agostini, M. Derriard, two Chilean porters, 2.1932, Agostini, op. cit. p. 240.

unnamed (Cerro Lelia), 2100 m. 6,924 ft. 1. Same as 807.

unnamed, 2100 m. 6,924 ft. 1. A. de Agostini, M. Derriard, 2.1.1932, Agostini, op. cit. p. 256.

Domo Blanco, 2100 m. 6,924 ft. 1. A. Cazane, J. Guthmann, J. Pillet, C. Stegmann, G. Watzl, 1.30.1952, RA 78, p. 12.

Cerro Aspero, 2075 m. 6,841 ft. 1. L. Herold, E. Parusal, 2.13. 1955, Acab 25, pp. 24-5.

812a. unnamed (Cordón Moyano), ca. 2070 m. 6,825 ft. (?) 1. A. de Agostini, M. Derriard, two Chilean porters, 1.20.1932, A. de Agostini, op. cit. p. 202.

Cerro Balmaceda, 2035 m. 6,720 ft. 1. A. Arnsek, C. Bottazzi, O. Meiling, M. Saavedra, 2.8.1958, Acab 26/27, pp. 8-9.

unnamed (Cerro Melanesio), 2010 m. 6,627 ft. 1. A. de Agostini, Cassera, J. Rivera, Vidal, Zampieri, 1.22.1937, Agostini, op. cit. p. 279.

unnamed (Punta Aftosa), 6,595 ft. 1. J. Groos, G. Krings, 1956, Acab 25, p. 51.

H. Corbella, H. Ruiz, 1956, Acab 25, p. 51.

unnamed (Marconi Norte), 1987 m. 6,551 ft. 1. Same as 811, but 2.13.1952.

unnamed, ca. 6500 ft. 1. Same as 789.

Cerro Hombre Parado, 1900 m. 6,264 ft. 1. (?) O. Meiling, 1.17. 1954, Acab 23, p. 10.

E. Hyde, C. Marangunic, 1.5.1960, AF 1960, p. 50.

unnamed, 1850 m. 6,100 ft. 1. A. de Agostini, Derriard, 2.10.1932, Agostini, op. cit. p. 258.

Cerro Chacabuco (Cerro Prat Grande), 1568 m. 5,143 ft. 1. Eberhard, Hellmer, 12.1930, Revista Minera III, p. 87, Buenos Aires.

G. Fester, 1931, Revista Minera III, pp. 82 and 125, Buenos Aires.

820a. Cerro Tenerife, 1560 m. 5,130 ft. 1. Same as 820. 2nd. ascent.

820b. Cerro Prat Chico, 1400 m. 4,672 ft. 1. R. Jakob, 1937, Revista Minera v. IX, p. 97, Buenos Aires.

820c. unnamed (Punta von Heinz), 1240 m. 4,067 ft. 1. G. Fester, 1937, Revista Minera v. IX, p. 97, Buenos Aires.

Cerro Menor, 1180 m. 3,890 ft. 1. A. Grosse, 3.19.1946, Revista Geográfica de Chile, Año V, #6, pp. 32-8, Santiago.

TIERRA DEL FUEGO

As in the Patagonia chapter, peaks are not located according to boundaries.

unnamed (Monte Italia), 2350 m. 7,748 ft. 1. H. Teufel, S. Zuck, 3.24.1937, Revista Geográfica Americana, #50, pp. 327-332, Buenos Aires. 2. L. Carrel, C. Pellissier, 3.10.1956, RM 3-4, pp. 77-86 and 7-8, 1958, pp. 203-214.

Sarmiento, 2235 m. 7,369 ft. 1. C. Mauri, C. Maffei, 3.10.1956, RM 3-4 1957, pp. 77 and 7-8 1958, pp. 203-214.

823a. unnamed (General Ponce), 2040 m. 6,735 ft. 1. H. Teufel, S. Zuck, 2.1937, Revista Geográfica Americana #50, p. 327, Buenos Aires.

unnamed (Cerro Piedrabuena), 1650 m. 6,440 ft. 1. G. Fester R. Jakob, H. Teufel, S. Zuck, 1937, Z 1938, pp. 234-8.

Cerro Cotorra, 1510 m. 4,978 ft. 1. G. Fester, 1933, Z 1938, pp. 234-8.

Cerro Olivia, 1270 m. 4,187 ft. 1. A. de Agostini, A. and A. Pession, 3.1.1913, Revis ta Chiiena de Historia y Geografía, #6, 1913, pp. 396-404, Santiago.

D. Munzimayer, 2.1948, Acab 23, p. 111.

T. Duplat, A. Johannensen, 7.1952, Acab 21, p. 53.

E. Colli, A. Jazin, 1.4.1953, Acab 22, pp. 23-6.

L. Barnasse, L. Carrel, C. Pellissier, 3.21.1956, Acab 25, p. 11. note: peaks unofficially named Luisa, Miguel and Serka were also ascended by H. Teufel, S. Zuck, 1937; heights between 1000-1500m. (3,280-4975 ft.), Revista Geográfica Americana #50, p. 327.

ADDENDA TO PART I in AAJ 1962 VENEZUELAN ANDES

Sierra del Norte

3a. Pico Turnero, 4400 m. 14,436 ft. 1. M. Blumenthal, and a Venezuelan porter, 1922, BW III, p. 342.

Sierra Nevada de Mérida

7a. Pico Abanico, 4900 m. 16,076 ft. 1. A. Gunther, 2.1940, A] v. 53, pp. 127-32.

PERUVIAN ANDES

Cordillera Blanca

158a. unnamed (Cerro Victor), 5203 m. 17,070 ft. 1. V. Ramírez, A.

Szepessy-Schaurek, 1.1950, RA 76, p. 13.

Cordillera Occidental

241a. Candarave, 5560 m. 18,242 ft. 1. W. St. Church, and the Governor of the town of Candarave, 5.12.1862, Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen, 1863, pp. 112-3.

242a. Ticzani, 5391 m. 17,688 ft. 1. A. Cuela, A. and W. González, D. Gutiérrez, D. Huanbachano, J. Torres, D. Vizca, 1955, RPA 5, p. 66.

Cordillera Vilcanota

307a. Nevado Cunurana, 5500 m. (?), 18,045 ft. 1. G. Murillo, M. Tomayconza, 7.30.1958, RPA 4, p. 29.

Cordillera Carabaya

326a. Nevado Queccarani, 5533 m. 18,142 ft. 1. C. Darbyshire, O. Donahue, J. Jewell, R. Whittling, 6.24.1956, RPA 5, p. 64.

BOLIVIAN ANDES

Cordillera de Cocapata

429a. Cerro Negros (Palcas), 4900 m. 16,076 ft. 1. T. Herzog (alone?), 5.1910, T. Herzog, Bergfahrten in Südamerika, Strecker & Schröder, Stuttgart, 1925, pp. 48-51.

429b. Viscachalani (Vintanani), 4860 m. 15,945 ft. 1. T. Herzog, 7.1910, T. Herzog, op. cit. pp. 102-8.

Cordillera Occidental

431a. Uturunco, 5900 m. 19,357 ft. 1. F. Ahlfeld, 1955 (p.c.).

431b. Moruco, 5670 m. 18,603 ft. 1. F. Ahlfeld, 11.1945, Universidad de Tucumán, Cuadernos de Minería y Geologia #15, 1946 (route map, fig. 2).

433a. Santa Isabel, 5169 m. 16,960 ft. 1. Same as 431b.

CORRIGENDA TO PART I in AAJ 1962 COLOMBIAN ANDES

Cordillera del Quindío

59. Nevado de Tolima. 6th ascent: instead of S. Strobosky, read S. Probosky.

ECUADORIAN ANDES

Cordillera Occidental

68. Pichincha. Instead of "ascents to crater”, etc. it should read:

T. de Ortiguera, 7.28-29.1582; T. Wolf, Geografia i Geología del Ecuador, F. Brockhaus, 1892, Leipzig, p. 647.

PERUVIAN ANDES

Cordillera Blanca

79. Nevado Huascarán. 4th ascent: the name of W. Matthews should be added.

82. Nevado Huantsán. 2nd ascent: correct date is 8.21.1958.

96. Nevado Quitoraju. Correct name of the mountain is Quitaraju.

102. Nevado Huandoy. 1. L. Ortenburger should be replaced by F. Hoyt.

108. Nevado Taulliraju. Date of first ascent was 8.18.1956.

120. Nevado Caullaraju (Caullaraju Este), 5686 m. 18,655 ft. This peak was not climbed by the party mentioned previously, RPA 5, p. 86. 1st ascent on 7.14.1962 by D. Giobbi, E. & M. Angeles is reported elsewhere in this Journal.

124. Caullaraju Oeste. The name Cruz de Plata, erroneously given to another peak (144) of the Caullaraju group, should apply to this peak.

129. unnamed (Nevado Paulista). (Second highest of Rajutuna group.) Height of this peak is only 5349 m. 17,550 ft.

133. Nevado Tuco. This peak is still unclimbed, since the party mentioned reached only its glaciers.

139. Nevado Paccharuri. The altitude of this southern spur of Copa is actually 5325 m. 17,460 ft.

144. Nevado Caullaraju Norte. The name Cruz de Plata should not apply to this peak.

147. Nevado Rajutuna. This was not the peak climbed by the party mentioned, which actually reached its lower summit at 5137 m. 16,855 ft.

Cordillera Vtlcabamba

Nevado Salcantay. 1. The name of the late Mme. C. Kogan should be added.

Nevado Pumasillo. 2nd ascent: correct date should be 7.24.1957.

257. unnamed, and

261. unnamed (Emilio) ; both should be cancelled and replaced by:

257. unnamed (Emilio), 5300 m. (?), 17,389 ft. 1. E. Angeles, G. Band, J. Streetly, 6.13.1956, (p.c.).

Cordillera de Urubamba

270. Nevado Veronica. 1. Name of the porter of the summit party was E. Vargas.

Cordillera de Carabaya

Nevado Allin Capac. 1. Date of ascent should be 7.16.1960.

Date of ascent should be 7.17.1960.

Nevado Alcachaya. Correct height of this peak is 5768 m. 18,925 ft. 322. Nevado Tococapac. Date of ascent should be 7.24.1960.

Nevado Imata. Data should be replaced as follows: 5608 m. 18,400 ft. 1. C. Darbyshire, O. Donahue, J. Jewell, R. Whittling, 5.29. 1956, RPA 5, p. 64.

Nevado Uracapac. 1. Date of ascent should be 7.23.1960.

Nevado de ]apuma. 3. Date of ascent should be 7.23.1960.

unnamed ('Recce Peak’). 1. Date of ascent should be 7.23.1960.

Nevado Caccacapac. 1. Date of ascent should be 7.29.1960. Unlocated peaks.

Chinchina (west group), and

Chinchina (east group) : both groups of peaks belong to the Vilcanota range and should be listed under 311a. and 311b. respectively.

Tapuma. This peak is non-existent; it actually is 326. Nevado de Japuna. 2nd ascent by P. Ghiglione, F. Mautino.

BOLIVIAN ANDES

Cordillera Occidental

432. Cerro Bonete. The following information should be added: First reported ascent: F. Ahlfeld, 11.1945, Universidad de Tucumán, Cuadernos de Minería y Geologia #15, 1946 (route map, fig. 2).

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