The Salmon Alps of Northern California. A very rugged, although not a very lofty range of mountains are the Salmon Alps of northern California. Situated on the headwaters of tributaries of the Trinity River, they rise in sharp peaks and jagged arêtes to elevations varying from 7,000 to almost 9,000 above sea-level. Although deeply glaciated, there apparently survives but one small residual glacier. There are numbers of tarns, one beautiful cluster of which, high along the crest of the range, has seldom been seen by human eyes, unless it be from aeroplanes. The predominating rock is granite, but metamorphic formations are occasionally encountered.
The serrated peaks contain some interesting, but little actually difficult climbing. Their highest peak, Mt. Thompson, 8,936 feet in elevation, offers a fairly good climb up its northeastern face. The finest ascent is Sawtooth Mountain, across a canyon from its loftier neighbor, a slightly lower, but considerably better rock climb. There are perhaps a score of peaks in the range above 7,500 feet in elevation.
The range is probably best reached from Weaverville, over fifty miles from a railway, but accessible by good auto roads. It is in the heart of an extensive county almost entirely covered with forest, as yet scarcely touched by the axe of the lumberman.